Shabbat Parashat Vayeilech 5773
Vayeilech | 6 Tishrei 5773 | 22/09/2012
Wisdom is necessary for teshuva (repentance), which is why the blessing of wisdom precedes that of teshuva in our prayers (Megilla 17b). The Ten Commandments were written on two different luchot (tablets), first on divinely prepared luchot and later on humanly hewn stones. The first were broken, while the second ones, necessitated by the sin of the Golden Calf, remain. The seven weeks before the giving of the Torah and the first luchot are now days of mourning. During the seven weeks preceding the giving of the second luchot (Yom Kippur) we read the prophecies of consolation. The stability of the acquisition of Torah came specifically after sin required people to deepen their understanding of their spiritual status. Teshuva was created before the world came into existence, and therefore, sin can serve as the basis for spiritual growth.
I understand that there is a mitzva to eat on Erev (the day before) Yom Kippur. Considering that I certainly was not planning on fasting two days straight, what practical ramifications are there of this mitzva?
Rava said: The following pasuk should be learned from the beginning to the end and also from the end to the beginning: “From bad tidings he will not fear, his heart is properly set and he has trust in Hashem” (Tehillim 112:7). He will not be afraid of bad tidings because he trusts in Hashem. If he has trust in Hashem, he will not have to fear bad tidings.
The plaintiff (=pl) wants to rent a home in a yishuv (a communal settlement) (=def). The yishuv’s rules state that one must be accepted by the va'adat kabbala (=vaka – acceptance committee) in order to do so, and vaka rejected pl. Pl claims that the head of vaka attributed the decision to her age and lack of financial resources and that these reasons are unacceptable. Furthermore, pl argues that no group should have authority to limit who can live on government-owned land, and that the halachic requirements for making such a rule were not met. Def responds that the need for acceptance to the yishuv by a committee is the minhag of the yishuv from its inception, and that private statements of the head of vaka do not have public standing.
This edition of
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Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).