Shabbat Parashat Beshalach| 5766
Beshalach | | 1/1/2005
Not only must the falling of the man, which sustained Bnei Yisrael in the desert, have been a shocking event for those who experienced it, but it was also related to them and to us by the Torah in a surprising way. First Bnei Yisrael were told to collect an omer of man; then they were told not to leave any over. Later they were surprised to have collected two omers on Friday.
Case: The regional court asked one of the Chief Rabbis, who, as Chief Rabbi, was president of a charitable fund, to make changes in the fund’s board (due to impropriety). The deposed members appealed the decision to the Supreme Rabbinical Court, and then claimed that its panel was invalid for two reasons. Firstly, none of the dayanim had a status of av beit din (court head), a title reserved for the Chief Rabbis, neither of whom sat in this case. Secondly, since the Chief Rabbis must approve appointments to the Supreme Rabbinical Court and since one of the Chief Rabbis was involved as a party to the dispute, the dayanim whose appointment he approved are invalid to serve as dayanim. They claimed that when one side appoints dayanim, he has an unfair advantage.
Regarding orlah, the Torah writes: “When you shall come to the Land …” (Vayikra 19:23), which indicates that the laws begin immediately upon entering the Land, even prior to its conquest and settlement, which are requirements for other land-linked mitzvot (mishna inOrlah 1:4). The Rambam apparently rules this way, although there are different opinions on the matter and on the question whether all Tanaim agree that the mitzva begins right away.
This edition of
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).