Shabbat Parashat Miketz 5773
Miketz | 2 Tevet 5773 | 15/12/2012
The mitzva of Chanuka candles is different from other mitzvot, which are either mitzvot that devolve on the individual or those that devolve on the community. Every Jewish adult male is required to wear tefillin, and every Jew is required to keep Shabbat. The same is true of most mitzvot. The nation as a whole has several mitzvot, including, prominently, building the Beit Hamikdash. The mitzva of Chanuka candles is an exception. It is not [according to the basic level of obligation] a mitzva of the individual or of the nation, but – of the family – “a light for a man and his household” (Shabbat 21b).
What are the sources and purpose of making a kiddush for the birth of a girl?
Rav says that one may use inefficient oils and wicks for Chanuka lights. This is because he rules that if the lights go out, one does not need to relight them and because he rules that one is not allowed to use their light. [We do not have to be concerned that the lights will go out because in any case, the mitzva was fulfilled, and one will not adjust the flame on Shabbat because it is forbidden to use the light. Rav Kook explains these concepts with a fascinating allegory.]
A worker (=pl) in a yeshiva high school sued his employer (the network that runs the school =def) for not paying over the previous few months. Def admits, on the first level, to owing part of the amount claimed. However, def claims that they pay based on the pay scale of the Department of Education and that, after recalculating pl’s salary, they discovered that mistakes were made over the years to pl’s advantage. Based on these mistakes, not only does def not owe pl, but pl has to return money to def.
This edition of
Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
is endowed by
Les & Ethel Sutker
Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).