Shabbat Parashat Vayigash 5774
Vayigash | 4 Tevet 5774 | 12/7/2013
As the time had come for Yaakov to go down to Egypt, Hashem appeared to him with consolation and inspiration. The midrash (Bereishit Rabba 94:6) highlights three messages hinted at by the p’sukim (Bereishit 46:3-4: 1): Hashem is the G-d whom Yaakov knew from his dreams in Beit El. 2) He would be with Yaakov in Egypt as He is with other tzaddikim. 3) Yosef would “place his hands on Yaakov’s eyes.”
Does a potential defendant have to come to beit din if he knows he is right? Does he have to help clarify the story, which might work to his detriment, if the plaintiff has no proof? Don’t we say hamotzi meichaveiro alav ha’re’aya (the claimant has the burden to prove his case)?
Rav Yosef was known as a “sinai” (an expert in the precise knowledge of many sources). Rabba was known as an “oker harim” (one who uproots mountains – an expert in the sharp analysis of halachic concepts, who is adept at determining the halacha in cases not previously decided upon). There was a need to appoint a new Rosh Yeshiva (rabbinic leader of the Babylonian community and its academy). They sent there: a sinai and an oker harim – which has precedence? They sent back: a sinai has precedence, for all need the owner of the grain.
The plaintiff (=pl) divorced his wife and obligated himself in significant alimony in an agreement that was finalized by a kinyan sudar (the lifting of an instrument) and with a document that stated it would be operative when the couple was living separately. Pl claims the kinyan is not binding because a kinyan sudar does not work for future obligations.
amongst the sick
of Klal Yisrael
Rabanit Itah bat Chana
Mr. Eliyahu ben Sara Zelda Carmel
Mrs. Racheli Bat Rozi Bouskila
This edition of
Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
is endowed by
Les & Ethel Sutker
Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).