Shabbat Parashat Vayakhel 5774
Vayakhel | 22 Adar I 5774 | 2/22/2014
“Moshe assembled all the congregation … ‘these are the matters … do not burn fire in all your living quarters on the day of Shabbat’” (Shemot 35: 1-3). The mitzva of Shabbat, which Moshe taught before an assemblage of the people, is connected to and is actually an introduction to and a prerequisite for the building of the Mishkan. Setting the boundaries between these two lofty goals is one of the most difficult things to do correctly. Work on the Mishkan was a mitzva and on Shabbat is an aveira. However, one can still make mistakes in drawing the lines between one sanctity and another. That is why it is necessary to assemble everyone together so that there not be different versions on the matter from different factions in the nation.
Is it permitted to fold the page of a book on Shabbat so that I will be able to find the page I left off on?
If [a borrower] returns a loan during Shemitta, [the lender] should say “I absolve [you from paying the loan].” If [the borrower] said: “Despite this,” he should receive the payment, as the pasuk says, “This is the matter [lit., the saying] of Shemitta.”
I was asked for my opinion on the case of bonds bought by Reuven, listing him as the primary recipient and listing his son (Chanoch) as another recipient. Reuven has died and Chanoch, who was previously unaware that he was listed as a recipient, now wants to receive the payment and not include it in the estate to be divided between him and his brother. The brother claims that Chanoch was written just because banks often ask for another name to be written. The widow is confident that Reuven had no intention of giving the bonds as a present for Chanoch and that Reuven was confident that Chanoch would not take the money for himself. The family dynamics do not give any indication that Reuven would have wanted Chanoch to get more than his brother.
amongst the sick
of Klal Yisrael
Mr. Eliyahu ben Sara Zelda Carmel
Rabbi Yosef Mordechai Simcha ben Binah
This edition of
Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
is endowed by
Les & Ethel Sutker
Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).