Shabbat Parashat Bo| 5764
Bo | | 1/8/2003
When the Torah describes the intensity of the plague of locust, we find the following expression: “…before it there was not such locust as this, and afterward it will not be so” (Shemot 10:14). The early commentators immediately ask about the apparent contradiction from the book of Yoel, who describes the plague in his time as, “like it, there never was in history, and afterward it will not repeat itself” (2:2). Rashi answers that each plague was unparalleled in a different way.
We saw last time that one who causes damages to his friend in an indirect manner is exempt from payment, if it is indirect enough to be categorized as g’rama. One might think that if damage is categorized as g’rama, then there are no limitations on it. However, the gemara (Bava Batra 22b) points out that even when one is exempt from payment, he may still be forced to remove or distance that which will cause his friend damage.
Is one allowed or required to agree, during his life, to an organ donation after his death? Is he permitted or required to sign and carry a donor’s card? A person has rights and control over his body when he is alive (see Harav Yisraeli’s machloket withHarav Zevin z.t.l. in Amud Hay’mini, siman 16). The exception to this rule is when these rights contradict a Torah prohibition, such as: committing suicide (Rambam, Rotzeiach 2:2,3); damaging oneself (Rambam, Choveil U’mazik 5:1); endangering one’s life (Rambam , Rotzeiach 12:6), etc.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).