Shabbat Parashat Vayetzei | 5763
Vayeitzei | | 08/01/2002
“And behold a ladder was standing on Earth with its top reaching into the Heavens, and behold the angels of the Lord going up and coming down thereon” (Bereishit 28:12). The image of Ya’akov’s dream has been portrayed in many works of art and as a well-known Biblical story to children beginning to study Torah. Not all are aware that our parasha tells of second dream that Ya’akov had a full twenty years later, which was very different from the first.
While married, a wife receives financial support (mezonot). When the marriage terminates, she is entitled to payment of her ketuba. Does she maintain the right to mezonot at this point?
Tosafot Yeshanim (Yoma 82a) brings a contradiction between cases where we find the obligation of chinuch (to educate minors in mitzvot) and the rule that beit din is not obligated to stop a minor from violating a commandment (Yevamot 114a). Tosafot assumes in his question that it is more critical to prevent violations than to educate to fulfill. Tosafot’s second answer is that only fathers are obligated in chinuch, which is the discussion in Yoma, whereas the rule in Yevamot, removing adults’ responsibility for a minor’s actions, refers to others.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).