Shabbat Parashat Ki Tisa| 5763
Ki Tisa | | 1/13/2002
After first portraying Yehoshua bin Nun as a warrior, the Torah describes him in a different role in our parasha. “His [Moshe’s] îùøú (servant), Yehoshua bin Nun, ðòø (a lad?), would not depart from within the tent” (Shemot 33:11). Why did Yehoshua receive the apparently degrading term of ðòø, considering he was 56 years old (Ibn Ezra, ad loc.)?
Last time we discussed which sins invalidate witnesses. Is one who commits one of those sins automatically disqualified? The answer is somewhat complicated. According to several Rishonim, a person’s status can be changed to pasul (invalid) only by a formal, legal process (see opinions in Beit Yosef, Even Haezer 42). This entails kosher witnesses coming to court to testify about the sins in front of the sinner.
We saw last time that the gemara felt that it is not logical that the Torah would require one to spend a third of his money for a mitzva. The Rosh continued this reasoning, saying that one shouldn't spend more than a fifth and need not put out äåï øá (great sum of money) on a mitzva and that Rabbeinu Yerucham said that one should be prepared to spend a tenth, as by tzedakah.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).