Shabbat Parashat Nitzavim| 5763
Nitzavim | | 1/13/2002
Our parasha opens with Moshe Rabbeinu’s declaration: “You are standing (nitzavim) here today, all of you, before Hashem your G-d, the heads of your tribes, your elders, your officers, all of the populace of Israel…” (Devarim 29:9). The Torah stresses twice in this pasuk the presence of the entirety of klal Yisrael. So too, a previous pasuk, which serves as an introduction to the aforementioned pasuk, stresses this phenomenon, saying: “Moshe called to all of Israel” (ibid.:1).
We continue to discuss cases where beit din cannot make someone pay, but there is some level of moral obligation to do so. The gemara mentions in a few contexts the concept of an obligation to be latzet y’dei shamayim (roughly, to fulfill his obligation according to Divine Justice).
It is clear from Chazal that the areas east of the Jordan, which Moshe conquered from Sichon and Og, had a status of Eretz Yisrael in regard to mitzvot hat’luyot ba’aretz (Land-based mitzvot). The question is why. Is this area simply part of Eretz Yisrael, or did it obtain this status, despite being outside Eretz Yisrael, because Bnei Yisrael captured it?
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).