Shabbat Parashat Haazinu| 5763
Ha'azinu | | 1/13/2002
The Torah refers, in this week’s and last week’s parshiyot, to the writing and teaching of “ha’shira ha’zot” (this song) (Devarim 31:19; 31:30; 32:40). Rashi and the Ramban explain that the song refers to the song of Ha’azinu. However, Chazal explain that it applies to the entire Torah (Nedarim 38a).
We have mentioned in the last few weeks that one should exhaust reasonable efforts to receive payment from the borrower before approaching the areiv. It is time to point out that this halacha depends on the type of areiv who is involved. Usually an areiv does not take the place of the borrower but provides an additional level of security for the lender.
The gemara in Rosh Hashana 9a claims that all Tana’im subscribe to the concept of “mosifin mi’chol al hakodesh” (we add on from the regular days on to the [period] of the holy [days]). R. Akiva learns this from the pasuk, “desist from plowing and harvesting” (Shemot 34:21). He understands that the pasuk refers to Shmitta and that the pasuk is necessary only if it limits plowing before Shmitta and harvesting after it. R. Yishmael applies the pasuk to Shabbat and learns tosefet from a pasuk by Yom Kippur.