Shabbat Parashat Mishpatim | 5769
Mishpatim | 27 Shevat 5769 | 2/21/2009
Our parasha, which begins after the drama of matan Torah (the giving of the Ten Commandments) goes into great detail about an area of the Torah that deals with monetary law. This extensive immediate treatment certainly demonstrates how central these laws are to the Torah. We will show how it is even more central to matan Torah than one might think.
May one set an automatic coffee maker on a timer so that it brews the coffee on Shabbat morning? (Obviously, the ingredients would be put in and the settings adjusted before Shabbat, and no electrical switches need to be pressed to remove the coffee.)
“Please (na) speak into the ears of the nation so that a man will ask from his counterpart …silver and gold utensils.” Na is a language of request. Hashem said to Moshe: “I request of you to go and request of Israel that they should borrow silver and gold utensils.”
The plaintiff (=pl) and the defendant (=def) are a couple that is getting divorced. During their marriage, pl’s brothers helped the couple buy and renovate an apartment, contributing close to 200,000 shekels in cash and labor. Pl now demands that def pay her share of returning the money that pl’s brothers gave. Def says that she knows that some of the money in question was given as a present and is not sure about the status of the rest of the money.
This week in the Daf Hayomi (53a-b), we learned Rebbi Natan's rule: If there are two damagers, even though, in principle, each one should pay half the damage, if for some reason one of them cannot be held liable, the other must pay the entire cost of the damage. Therefore, if two animals belonging to two people caused damage, each owner has to pay for half of the damage.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is dedicated to the memory of
R ' Meir ben Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
Hemdat Yamim is endowed by Les & Ethel Sutker of
and Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l.
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).