Shabbat Parashat Vayikra | 5769
Vayikra | 3 Nisan 5769 | 3/28/2009
Much of our parasha deals with the korban of one who sins b’shogeg (by accident). Let’s explore one’s responsibility for accidental wrongdoings. Chazal were clearly strict with an accidental wrongdoer in a couple of areas. One is in regard to one who damages.
Must someone in charge of a shul do bedikat chametz in the shul in addition to telling people to remove any chametz from their places?
[There are five similarities between a soul and Hashem: they, respectively, fill the body/ world; they see and are not seen; they nourish their environs; they are pure; they sit in an inner place.] “That which has these five qualities should praise He Who has these five qualities.”
The plaintiff (=pl) was involved in an altercation, during which he hit and injured someone. The injured person filed a complaint that was heard by the secular courts, and pl was found guilty. He was compelled to pay for damages and was given an additional penalty. Pl demanded of the defendant (=def), who witnessed the event, to testify in court and, if he is unwilling to do so, to assume pl’s obligated payments. Def says that he does not have a clear recollection of the details and anyway would not be able to alter the outcome of the trial.
This week in the Daf Hayomi the Gemara deals with the payments that a person who injured another person has to pay. While a person who damages property only has to pay for the damage (the loss of value of the object he damaged), a person who caused physical damage to another person has to pay, in addition to the damage payment (calculated based on the loss of work ability), four more payments: Shevet (loss of work days), Ripui (medical expenses), Tza’ar (compensation for the pain of the injury), and Boshet (compensation for the embarrassment caused by the injury).
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is dedicated to the memory of
R ' Meir ben Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
Hemdat Yamim is endowed by
and Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l.
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).