Shabbat Parashat Chukat | 5769
Chukat | 5 Tamuz 5769 | 27/06/2009
Our parasha tells of the attack of Canaanites from the Negev, who were actually Amalekis who disguised themselves as Canaanites to confuse Bnei Yisrael’s prayers (Bamidbar 21:1 with Rashi). The midrash (Esther Rabba 7) tells a story that occurred after Amalek’s descendant, Haman, publicized the decree to kill all the Jews. Mordechai asked three schoolchildren what they had just learned. Each one cited a pasuk that relayed the message that Hashem would save Bnei Yisrael from its enemies. This elated Mordechai, enabling him to tell Haman that he was no longer afraid that Haman’s plan would come to fruition.
May I eat on Shabbat in the house of one whose store (in Europe) is open on Shabbat?
Ein Ayah: Universal Improvement at the Time of Mashiach, The Motivation for the War of Gog and MagogBen Zoma said to the Chachamim: Will the exodus from Egypt be mentioned in the days of Mashiach? [Doesn’t the pasuk say that people will talk about being saved from their various places of dispersion and not from Egypt?] Rather, [the end of] enslavement to the kingdoms will be the main thing, and the exodus from Egypt will be secondary.
The plaintiff (=pl) stopped renovating his home due to dissatisfaction with his contractor. The defendant (=def) introduced pl to Reuven (=Reu), whom he recommended to finish the job. Reu gave an estimate of 90,000 shekels; he ended up charging 124,000 shekels. Pl sued Reu in beit din for overcharging, but Reu won. Now, pl is suing def in a different beit din for giving damaging advice. He adds that def indicated he would negotiate Reu down from the 90,000 shekels. Not only did he not do that, but the price became even higher because pl relied on def to handle the issues. Def responded that the first beit din already rejected the claim of overpricing. He denies promising to handle monetary issues and admits only to recommending and introducing.
A person who receives payment to guard an object is defined as a shomer sachar. Since he receives payment, the level of protection that is expected from him is high, and he must make sure that the object does not get lost or stolen. If the object is lost or stolen, he must pay for it. However, if it was lost due to circumstances beyond his control, such as if it was taken by an armed robber, he is exempt.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is dedicated to the memory of
R ' Meir ben Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
Hemdat Yamim is endowed by
and Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l.
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).