Shabbat Parashat Matot Masei | 5769
Matot | 26 Tamuz 5769 | 7/18/2009
The Torah, in describing the inheritance of Eretz Yisrael by Bnei Yisrael uses the term “falling to you” (Bamidbar 34:2). What is the significance of this terminology? Rashi brings two possibilities: 1) We find the verb used in reference to lots, which were used in dividing the Land. 2) The midrash says that Hashem knocked down the angels in charge of the existing nations of the Land to show Moshe that Bnei Yisrael would succeed in overcoming them. Another midrash (Rabba 23:6) elaborates that this was the response to the spies’ claim that Bnei Yisrael had no chance.
I went with friends to play ball, one of whom decided to leave early. He asked me to take his bag back but I forgot about it, and it is now lost. He says that I owe him $500 for my negligence, as he had a lot of cash and some electrical devices. While I trust him on the facts, I would not have accepted such a big responsibility had I known what was in the bag. We asked a rebbe of ours what to do, and he said I should pay, which I did. Later, he said that it might be a complicated case and that we should ask someone who studied dayanut. Did I have to pay and, if not, can I get the money back?
Why was the section of the Torah that discusses tzitzit set within Kri’at Shema? Rav Yehuda bar Chaviva said: Because it contains six concepts: the mitzva of tzitzit, the exodus from Egypt, the yoke of mitzvot, [rejection of:] heretical ideas, thoughts of sins, and thoughts of idol worship.
Someone parked his car on the side of a narrow street in a place that was marked as illegal to park, in a manner that made it difficult for cars to pass, but possible if they did so slowly and carefully. One car passed by quickly and scratched the parked car, whose owner wants the driver to pay him for damage caused by his recklessness. While not condoning the illegal and potentially dangerous parking of the damaged person, may he still be deserving of compensation for the damage that occurred?
This week in the Daf Hayomi, the Gemara deals with the laws of a shomer (a person who receives an object to safeguard) and particularly with the distinction between a shomer chinam (who doesn't receive pay for safeguarding) and a shomer sachar (who receives pay). The main difference between them is that a shomer chinam has to pay for the object only if he was negligent, while a shomer sachar also has to pay in a case where the object was lost or stolen. The question arises; is a person who gives a loan, and takes collateral to secure the loan, considered a shomer chinam on the collateral or a shomer sachar?
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is dedicated to the memory of
R ' Meir ben Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
Hemdat Yamim is endowed by
and Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l.
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).