Shabbat Parashat Vaetchanan | 5769
Vaetchanan | 11 Av 5769 | 8/1/2009
Moshe requested of Hashem again “at this time” (Devarim 3: 23-25) to allow him into Eretz Yisrael despite the decree to the contrary. Rashi says that he did so because he had conquered the lands of Sichon and Og and given them to the two and a half tribes. Why did Moshe think this would change things? We will explain with the help of two passages from the Ramban.
When I was a katan (under bar mitzva) I made tzitzit for myself. Someone told me that they are no longer valid, now that I am fully obligated in mitzvot. Is that so? If it is, may I untie one knot and upon retying it as a gadol (above bar mitzva), fix them, or must I do something else?
Ulla said: Whoever reads Shema without tefillin is like one who speaks false testimony about himself.
We saw last time that even a shomer who is exempt from paying when the object was damaged or lost b’oness (under extenuating circumstances) is obligated when this was preceded by his p’shi’ah (negligence). This is based on the rule that techilato b’p’shi’ah v’sofo b’oness (=tbpvsb), in other words, the makings of negligence which end up with damage of oness, obligates the shomer. The gemara we ended off with last time (Bava Metzia 93b) said that if a shepherd left his flock to go to town, whereupon a wild animal killed some sheep, the shepherd is obligated to pay. In that context, Abayei and Rabba dispute whether a paid watchman (shomer sachar), including the shepherd in question, is required to watch more carefully than one would do for his own property (Abayei) or not (Rabba).
This week in the Daf Hayomi, the Gemara continues to deal with the laws of Shomrim (guardians over objects) and discusses in particular the laws of a borrower. The Mishna (98b) deals with the question of when exactly a borrowed object is considered to have been legally transferred to the borrower, thus obligating him to guard it. The Mishna rules that the borrower is responsible for the object from the moment it was given to him, or to a courier sent by the borrower. So too, when the object is being returned, the borrower’s responsibility ends the moment it is handed over to the lender or to a courier sent by the lender.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is dedicated to the memory of
R ' Meir ben Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld
Hemdat Yamim is endowed by
and Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l.
Hemdat Yamim of this week
is dedicated in memory of
Yitzchak Eizik ben Yehuda Leib a"h,
whose Yahrtzeit is the 29th of Av
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).