Shabbat Parashat Tetzaveh | 5770
Tetzaveh | 13 Adar 5770 | 2/27/2010
In the upcoming reading of the Megilla, we will hear the impassioned demand of Mordechai to Esther to endanger her life and, according to many commentators, her innocence in regard to her relationship with Achashveirosh (Esther 4:13-14). She was to unilaterally approach the king for the first time, with her plea to save the Jewish people. What sacrifice did Mordechai demand of himself?
I know that some people bring kosher megillot to read from while listening to the reading. Is that important to do? Also, whether one uses a printed text or a klaf (megilla scroll), should he read along with the ba’al korei?
“Beware your legs when you go to the House of Hashem, and be close to listening rather than to the sacrifices that the foolish bring, for they do not know how to do bad” (Kohelet 4:17). Rava explained the pasuk: Be close to the ways of the wise, who, if they sin, bring a sacrifice and repent, as opposed to the foolish, who bring a sacrifice but do not repent. That which the foolish do not know evil means that since they do not know how to distinguish between good and bad, why are they bringing sacrifices?
The fact that women may not testify is a Divine decree. Yet, there were takanot to sometimes accept their testimony. The Rama (Choshen Mishpat 35:14) says that “early generations” instituted that regarding things that transpire in places that women alone frequent, women are able to testify. Some say that a woman, a relative, or a minor, are believed regarding cases like one hitting another, the degradation of a talmid chacham, or other fights, etc. because it is not normal and there is no time to prepare witnesses for these things. He limits this idea to cases where the plaintiff is certain about his claim.
This week in the Daf Hayomi, the Gemara (13b) deals with the way Semicha, which had been passed down starting from Moshe Rabbeinu, was given to Talmidei Chachamim. This Semicha was very important, as only judges who receive this Semicha can issue fines and judge capital punishment cases. Nowadays, when this Semicha no longer exists, judges are limited in the issues that they can judge.
Hemdat Yamim is dedicated in memory of
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).