Shabbat Parashat Vayikra | 5770
Vayikra | 5 Nissan 5770 | 3/20/2010
Sefer Vayikra begins with descriptions of the avoda (service) in the Temple, whether in the original Mishkan or the eventual Beit Hamikdash. This follows the end of Sefer Shemot, which deals with the commandment to build and then the actual building of the Mishkan. We will discuss who was in charge of the construction and the rules under which this took place, but first we must review the Gra’s fundamental thesis on the changes that these underwent.
Avraham instituted the prayer of Shacharit, as it says: “Avraham awoke in the morning at the place that he stood (amad) (Bereishit 19:27), and amida is prayer, as it says… Yitzchak instituted the prayer of Mincha, as it says: “Yitzchak went out to supplicate (lasu’ach) in the field toward evening” (ibid. 24:63), and sicha means prayer, as it says… Yaakov instituted the prayer of Arvit, as it says: “He encountered (vayifga) in the place and retired there for the sun set” (ibid. 28:11), and pegia means prayer, as it says…
The plaintiff (=pl) hired a building company (=def) to build a home. After several months of work, pl stopped the work, as allowed for in the contract, due to several complaints of delays and faulty work and after having paid 110,000 shekels. According to estimates of an external engineer, the work completed was worth 20,000 shekel and so he demands that 90,000 shekel be returned to him. Def disagreed with many of the details involved in determining how much money he deserved for his work.
This week in the Daf Hayomi we begin the fourth chapter of Sanhedrin, which begins with the differences between judging monetary cases and capital punishment cases. The Gemara (32) explains that, by Torah law, judges have to interrogate the witnesses both in monetary cases and in capital punishment cases.
This week’s Hemdat Yamim is dedicated in loving memory of
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).