Shabbat Parashat Vayikra| 5771
Vayikra | 6 Adar Beit 5771 | 3/12/2011
For many generations there has been a custom to begin a child’s learning of Chumash with Sefer Vayikra, which Chazal call Torat Kohanim. The explanation is found as far back as the midrash (Yalkut Shimoni, Tzav 479): “Why do young children start with Torat Kohanim? Let them start with Bereishit? Since the korbanot (sacrifices) are pure and the children are pure, let the pure come and deal with the pure.”
The Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chayim 90:9) rules that one who cannot make it to a minyan should try to daven at the same time as a minyan. Given the multiple minyanim we find in one town, how does one fulfill that obligation today?
Rav said: Any beracha that does not include mention of the name of Hashem is not a beracha. Rabbi Yochanan said: Any beracha that does not include mention of Hashem’s malchut (kingship) is not a beracha. Abayei said: Rav’s approach makes sense based on the following baraita: The pasuk says [regarding the bringing of bikurim (first fruit)]: “I did not transgress Your mitzvot, and I did not forget” (Devarim 26:13). We interpret it as follows: I did not transgress by not blessing You, and I did not forget to mention Your name upon it. The gemara notes that it does not mention Hashem’s kingdom.
When a woman asks beit din to help her to obtain a get from her husband, there are a few halachic possibilities. In some cases, the husband’s obligation to give a get is strong enough that beit din may take powerful punitive/coercive steps such as floggings and curses. In stark contrast, there are cases (e.g., she falls in love with someone else) where beit din should tell the woman that she has no right to demand a get. There is a third possibility in between the extremes. That is that beit din determines that he has a moral responsibility to give a get, but the level of obligation does not warrant using full force.
Nachum Eliezer Ra'anan
Naftali Hertz Cohen (Kamofsky)
ben Chayim HaCohen
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Les & Ethel Sutker
Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).