Shabbat Parashat Metzora| 5771
Parashat Hashavuah: Watch Out for the Sinner’s … FeelingsRav Daniel Mann
The Torah (Vayikra 14:13) says that the korban asham (guilt offering) that the metzora (“halachic leper”) brings upon being purified is slaughtered in the same place as the chatat and olah offerings (to the north of the altar). Chazal (see Rashi, ad loc.) ask that this seems superfluous, as all korbanot asham are slaughtered in this place. The answer that Rashi cites is that since there is a process of standing the metzora and the korban by the opening of the Mishkan, which is unique among ashamot, we might think that the place of the slaughtering would also be different.
Rav Neventzal gives another answer, with the help of the gemara (Sota 32b) that explains why the chatat and olah are done in the same place. The gemara says that it is so those who are not intimately involved in the korban will not know whether he is bringing a voluntary korban or whether he sinned and needs atonement. Rav Neventzal posits that we might think that this is not true for a metzora, whose sin that is classically responsible for his physical/spiritual disease is the damaging lashon hara. Yet, stresses the Torah, his dignity, too, is to be preserved as much as possible.
Is a metzora really awarded such privacy?! After all, he must sit outside of the encampment and when people approach him, say “impure! impure!” (Vayikra 13:45-46). We can suggest at least two answers. A simple one is based on the understanding of the gemara (ibid.) that his calling out is for his own direct good, to make people feel bad and seek Divine mercy for him.
However, a second answer may give a little insight into the educational process the Torah employs in his regard. On one hand, while he is in the midst of paying for his crimes and introspecting on his lot, he is to realize the severity of his actions and the unwillingness of religious society to allow such behavior to go on in their midst. However, when his physical status improves and indicates the end to his suffering, he is to be welcomed back in a manner that gives him hope to reenter society as a respected person whose sins are behind him in the eyes of all.
This is similar to the person who requires the punishment of malkot (lashings). The Torah tells that once he has received his allotted number, it is strictly forbidden to add even one more lashing (Devarim 25:3). As a matter of fact, this pasuk is the source for the prohibition to hit anyone. The pasuk continues that if one hits him extra, then “your brother will be defiled before your eyes.” Rashi points out: “All day long he is called a rasha, and after he is lashed, he is called your brother.”
While no one should enjoy it, there is sometimes a need, in different forms under different circumstances, to punish someone. However, the Torah wants us to remember that we want to get the person to the point where he becomes a full member of society. He should be able to earn back the respect of others and, no less importantly, self-respect.
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Nachum Eliezer Ra'anan
ben Chayim HaCohen
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