Shabbat Parashat Bereshit | 5763
Bereishit | | 1/8/2003
Cain was found lacking regarding the sacrifice he brought and was confronted by Hashem with words of reproof and advice. Following this incident, Cain committed the world’s first act of murder. Hashem confronted him again. He responded with the famous, chutzpadic remark, “Am I my brother’s keeper?” Hashem continued by telling him what his punishment would be for the sin of fratricide. Upon conviction and sentencing by the Divine Judge, did he finally repent, as his father did for his critical sin?
We will spend a few weeks discussing some of the less known monetary obligations within the family. Some of the halachot are not so well known, because they are not fully followed. In some cases, Chazal may not have been so upset that some of their institutions were not being followed for the reason we will presently discuss. There is ample evidence to prove that Chazal, in instituting obligations within the family, were torn by the following dilemma.
David Hamelech conquered Aram Tzova and Aram Damesek, and reached, to the north, the Euphrates River (Divrei Hayamim I, 18). These areas, known as Suria, had the status of kibush yachid (a private conquest), whose status we discussed elsewhere. We find also that David conquered the lands of Ammon and Moav (Shmuel II, 8, 10, 12). However, there is no Talmudic discussion about the status of these lands. Tosafot (Bava Batra 56a) assumes that only those areas that had previously been taken from Ammon and Moav by Sichon could be incorporated into Eretz Yisrael.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).