Shabbat Parashat Vayikra| 5763
Vayikra | | 13/01/2002
Our parasha finishes off with the korban (sacrifice)known as asham g’zeilot (guilt offering for theft). A look at some laws and descriptions of this korban will shed some new light on the way we approach the different categories of sin. The Torah describes the sin as, “Should a soul sin and commit a breach against Hashem and lie to his friend about an entrusted object…” (Vayikra 5:21). It is fascinating to note that the sin of theft, in its different forms, a classic example of áéï àãí ìçáéøå, a sin between man and man, is described first and foremost as a breach against Hashem.
A ketuba is most commonly, and relatively accurately, translated as a marriage contract. A contract implies that two sides agree to certain terms of engagement (no pun intended), and this is only partially true by a ketuba. A contract is also a written document (as, indeed the root of the word ëúåáä implies) but, again, this is only partially true. There are several monetary obligations which affect the husband and at least one which obligates the wife based on Torah and/or rabbinic law whether or not the sides agree or anything is written. These are called úðàé áéú ãéï or úðàé ëúåáä.
From the works of Hagaon Harav Shaul Yisraeli zt”l The Rambam's Opinion on "Bal Yeira'eh, Bal Yimatzei" - Excerpts from Chavot Binyamin, siman 32 This is a difficult piece. Try the longer original as well. The Rambam (Chametz U’Matza 1:3) states that one usually is not çééá îì÷åú on áì éøàä åáì éîöà (= áéáé) because it is a ìàå ùàéï áå îòùä, but if one actively bought or made çîõ on Pesach, he would get îì÷åú. The Mishna Lamelech (ad loc.) asks that since áéáé is ðéú÷ ìòùä (“removed” by a subsequent positive action), there should not be îì÷åú. The Mishne Lamelech’s editor quotes the Dvar Shmuel that the Rambam's halacha applies when one acquires çîõ on the seventh and last day of Pesach which falls on Shabbat.
This edition of Hemdat Yamim is
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).