Shabbat Parashat Mishpatim 5779
Mishpatim | 27 Shevat 5779 | 02/02/2019
Our parasha opens with the pasuk, “These are the statutes that you shall place before them” (Shemot 21:1). This is the source for Chazal’s derasha that adjudication is to be done in front of a Jewish beit din and not before non-Jews or those who are not trained in Torah law (Gittin 88b). The Shulchan Aruch (Choshen Mishpat 26:1) rules this way, including in cases in which both sides agree to the non-Torah arrangement. Not only that, but one who is not careful on this matter is called a “rasha” and like “one who blasphemes the Torah of Moshe Rabbeinu.”
After Kedusha of chazarat hashatz, the chazan went to “R’ei v’onyeinu” instead of “Ata chonen” and finished the beracha before people succeeded to correct him. He went back to “Ata chonen.” When he got up to “R’ei v’oyneinu,” he did not recite it, reasoning that it was incorrect to repeat it. Was he correct, and why?
There are three animals that become more powerful when they get older: the fish, the snake, and the pig.
The plaintiff (=pl) worked at the defendant’s (=def) factory for close to two years. While pl was in miluim (reserve duty), he received a call from def informing him he was fired. Pl refused to accept the firing, which is forbidden during miluim and without warning. After miluim, pl returned to the factory but did not actually work. Def explains that he found out that pl had been agitating against him with other workers and fired him immediately out of anger. Upon realizing it was illegal, he told pl that he would pay him but not allow him to work. Pl is suing for payment of severance pay and for lack of warning, in addition to pension, vacation pay, and recreation pay. Def says that the workers know that he cannot afford mandated social benefits and that he tries to make it up to the workers by giving raises and other benefits when he can (pl did receive payment in this manner).
We daven for a complete and speedy refuah for:
Netanel Ilan ben Sheina Tzipora
Netanel ben Sarah Zehava
Meira bat Esther
Yair Menachem ben Yehudit Chana
Rivka Reena bat Gruna Natna
David Chaim ben Rassa
Lillian bat Fortune
Yafa bat Rachel Yente
Eliezer Yosef ben Chana Liba
Ro'i Moshe Elchanan ben Gina Devra
Together with all cholei Yisrael
Hemdat Yamim is dedicated
to the memory of:
for our homeland
and Members of
Eretz Hemdah's Amutah
Tishrei 9 5776
Rav Carmel's father
Iyar 8 5776
bat R’ Moshe Zev a”h.
Tamuz 10 5774
Kislev 9 5769
Yechezkel Shraga Brachfeld z"l
Chana bat Yaish & Simcha
Rav Moshe Zvi (Milton)
Tammuz 19, 5778
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).