Shabbat Sukkot | 5770
| 15 Tishrei 5770 | 10/3/2009
After surviving and hopefully thriving with the Yom Kippur experience, we move on to the holiday of Sukkot. Some of the classical Jewish thinkers posited that Yom Kippur is related to service of Hashem through yirah (fear), whereas Sukkot is related to ahava (love). Let us take a look at Sukkot with this distinction in mind.
I own a kosher restaurant and would like to keep it open on Sukkot. However, there is no place for me to put a sukka. May it operate anyway, and, if so, are there conditions I must meet?
Fortunate is he who … grew with a good name and expired from this world with a good name.
The mishna (Sanhedrin 24a) discusses a case where the litigants agree that someone who should be invalid to testify or judge in their case, e.g., a sinner or a relative of one of the litigants, will be able to testify. Rabbi Meir says that the litigants can back out of the agreement; Rabbanan say that they cannot. The gemara concludes that they are arguing about a case where one wants to back out of the agreement after the g'mar din (the end of the court case, when the ruling is rendered), and the halacha is that he cannot back out. However, prior to that, either side can back out of the agreement to allow an invalid witness or dayan. If a kinyan (act of finalization) was made, no one can subsequently back out.
This week in the Daf Hayomi, the Gemara (40) deals with the issue of a person who wishes to preemptively nullify the validity of a sale or a gift that he is about to give. The way this is done is by stating before witnesses that the sale or present one is doing is not being done willingly but rather out of coercion. The witnesses then write down this declaration. This is termed moda'ah by the Gemara.
Hemdat Yamim is endowed by
Les & Ethel Sutker of Chicago, Illinois in loving memory of
Max and Mary Sutker
and Louis and Lillian Klein, z”l.
A weekly divrei Torah leaflet: A Glimpse at the Parasha, Ask the Rabbi, From the writings of Harav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook, zt”l, Pninat Mishpat (Jewish Monetary Law).